SINGAPORE – The first regionally transmitted case of the Zika virus in Singapore was introduced on Saturday (Aug 27).
The affected person is a 47-year-old Malaysian girl who lives in Aljunied Crescent. She has had no historical past of journey to nations affected by Zika.
The girl is the second individual to have Zika in Singapore. The first case, in May, concerned a 48-year-old male Singapore everlasting resident who had returned from Brazil.
The Ministry of Health has alerted all normal practitioners within the Aljunied space to be additional vigilant and to instantly report sufferers suspected to have the virus to the ministry.
All these suspected to have the Zika virus will probably be remoted until they’re confirmed to not have the virus.
The National Environment Agency has stepped up misting and fogging within the space to kill grownup mosquitoes.
Here are some essential issues to know in regards to the virus.
1. What is the Zika virus?
The phrase “zika” is derived from the Zika forest in Uganda, the place the virus was first remoted by scientists in 1947 from a sentinel rhesus monkey.
Transmitted to people through mosquitoes, the Aedes mosquito – which additionally spreads dengue and chikungunya – is the one identified provider of the virus.
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2. What are the signs to look out for?
The signs related to the virus are normally fairly gentle, and solely about one in 5 individuals contaminated really fall unwell.
Common indicators to look out for embrace a slight fever, rash, conjuctivitis, headache in addition to joint and muscle ache.
First case of Zika virus in Singapore; 48-year-old man who travelled to Sao Paulo
The incubation interval just isn’t identified, however is prone to vary between a number of days to every week. During the primary week of an infection, the virus might be discovered within the blood and handed from an contaminated individual to a mosquito by way of mosquito bites.
Sexual transmission of the virus between people can also be attainable.
Hospitalisation because of the virus just isn’t frequent, whereas deaths are uncommon.
3. Can the virus be handled?
There is presently no vaccine obtainable for the virus, so solely the signs might be handled.
To keep away from getting contaminated, use insect repellent, put on clothes that covers the physique, legs and arms, and sleep below mosquito nets or in rooms with wire mesh.
As with measures to curb the unfold of dengue and stop the breeding of the Aedes mosquito, the general public must also guarantee there is no such thing as a stagnant water at house.
4. Is the virus actually linked to a start defect?
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The Zika virus has been linked to microcephaly, a neurological dysfunction through which infants are born with smaller craniums and brains. It has additionally been linked to different mind defects in infants, comparable to injury to the cerebellum, which impacts motion and speech skills.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention introduced in a press launch on Apr 13 that its scientists had confirmed that Zika is one reason for extreme foetal mind defects.
Preliminary research additionally counsel that the Zika virus may cause injury to the grownup mind, and researchers are investigating a reference to neurological problems like Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a uncommon sickness that causes muscle weak spot and even paralysis.
5. How many nations have reported lively transmission of the virus?
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) first issued an alert about an outbreak in Brazil.
As of Aug 23, 2016, 56 nations and territories within the Americas, Pacific Islands and Africa have lively Zika virus transmissions, based on the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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On Jan 15, the US introduced its first case of the virus when a child born with mind injury in a Hawaii hospital was confirmed as having been contaminated by Zika. The child’s mom was believed to have had a Zika an infection whereas dwelling in Brazil in May final yr, with the infant most likely contaminated within the womb.
The US declared a public well being emergency within the US territory of Puerto Rico on Aug 12 and can also be going through an lively unfold of the virus in Florida.
Closer to house, there have been sporadic outbreaks throughout Southeast Asia, comparable to in Cambodia, the Philippines, and Sabah in Malaysia. The Ministry of Health says that as of June this yr, there have been lively instances within the Thai provinces of Beung Kan and Phetchabun.