MANILA, Philippines – The Department of Health (DOH) on Monday declared a nationwide alert resulting from spiking dengue instances in a number of areas.
READ: DOH declares dengue alert in a number of areas
Data from the DOH confirmed that from January 1 to June 29, 2019, there have been 106,630 dengue instances this 12 months. This is 85 % increased than the 57,564 instances reported in the identical interval in 2018.
Regions the place the dengue alert was raised embrace Regions 1, 2, 4A, 5, 8, 9, 11, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), and the Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR).
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), dengue is a mosquito-borne viral an infection generally occurring in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world, together with the Philippines.
The dengue virus (DEN) contains 4 distinct serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-Three and DEN-4) which belong to the genus Flavivirus, household Flaviviridae.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the principle vector that transmits the viruses that trigger dengue. The viruses are handed on to people by means of the bites of an infective feminine Aedes mosquito, which primarily acquires the virus whereas feeding on the blood of an contaminated particular person.
How dengue virus impacts your physique?
Infectious Disease Specialist Dr. Cybele Abad, in an interview with UNTV Digital program Lifesaver, stated that when dengue virus enters the human physique, it spreads by means of blood and infects the cells by binding itself to the cell membrane.
When this occurs, an contaminated particular person might really feel sudden, excessive fever adopted by extreme complications, ache behind the eyes and extreme joint and muscle ache. An individual can also really feel fatigue, nausea and pores and skin rash which would seem two to 5 days after the onset of fever.
Watch this on-line episode of Lifesaver for extra info on how dengue impacts your physique.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of dengue usually final two to seven days. Most individuals contaminated by the virus will get well after a couple of week.
However, some individuals who get sick with dengue might develop extreme dengue, a extra severe type of illness that may end up in shock, inner bleeding and even demise.
Symptoms of extreme dengue embrace abdomen or stomach ache, bleeding from the nostril or gums, vomiting blood or blood within the stool. Warning indicators usually start in 24-48 hours after your fever has gone away.
If you or a member of the family develops any of the next signs, instantly go to the closest hospital.
How to stop dengue?
To shield your self and your loved ones from dengue, the DOH advises the general public to observe the 4S technique: Search and destroy, Self-protection measures, Seek early session and Support fogging/spraying.
The DOH stated it is very important search and destroy the breeding websites of mosquitoes reminiscent of containers that may retailer water; make use of self-protection measures by putting in display on home windows and doorways in properties and colleges, put on lengthy socks, garments with lengthy sleeves and every day use of mosquito repellent.
It can also be very important to hunt early session when an individual is beginning to expertise the signs. The public can also be urged to help fogging or spraying solely in areas the place enhance in instances is registered for 2 consecutive weeks to stop an impending outbreak.
Experts stated dengue virus-carrying mosquitoes are often lively from 9 to 11 a.m. and Four to six p.m.
Lifesaver is a UNTV Digital program that gives primary first support coaching important to anybody who occurs to be a bystander to an accident or emergency. It additionally educates viewers of crucial emergency response classes and indispensable catastrophe preparedness instruments to have the ability to save lives in occasions of calamities.