A species of mosquito that may carry the Zika virus, dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya has been recognized in Nebraska for the primary time, based on state well being officers.
On Tuesday, the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) stated it had documented Aedes aegypti mosquitoes-which are primarily present in tropical climates-in York County.
The mosquitoes have been captured throughout an annual analysis mission-conducted by the DHHS and native collaborators-aimed at monitoring the variety of mosquitoes that may transmit West Nile Virus within the state.
While A. aegypti can carry tropical ailments, well being officers stress that the danger of transmission in Nebraska stays low.
“A. aegypti can carry and transmit varied ailments that may have critical well being penalties like Zika virus, chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever, and that’s of concern to public well being officers,” Tom Safranek, State Epidemiologist for the DHHS, stated in an announcement.
“However, it is unlikely that the mosquitoes will likely be contaminated with these viruses,” Safranek stated in an announcement supplied to Newsweek. “Transmission would require an individual at the moment contaminated with the illness to be bitten by an Aedes aegypti mosquito after which that mosquito must chew an uninfected individual. None of these ailments are endemic to Nebraska. The danger to native residents is low however not zero and relies on the presence or arrival of an contaminated particular person within the space.”
According to well being officers, A. aegypti-which has a flying vary of about 500 feet-tends to feed within the daytime and has a desire for biting people. Only the females feast on blood, which they use to offer their eggs with vitamins as they mature.
The species originated within the tropical areas of Africa. However, it’s now thought of to be one of the widespread mosquitoes, taking on residence in subtropical and temperate areas all over the world. As the world warms within the face of local weather change, the species’ vary is barely anticipated to increase additional northwards and southwards.
“It was considerably of a shock to seek out the Aedes aegypti this far north,” Safranek informed Newsweek. “We have discovered different invasive mosquito species via our mosquito surveillance (Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus) program however these species are extra acclimated to temperate climates like Nebraska’s. So discovering a mosquito that’s normally related hotter areas additional south within the U.S. and in tropical areas was fairly a shock.”
The mosquitoes haven’t but been examined to see whether or not they’re carrying the viruses that trigger these ailments, based on well being officers.
The DHHS issued the next pointers for stopping mosquito bites:
- Many prevention strategies that work for different forms of mosquitoes additionally apply to the A. aegypti together with:
- Dumping or draining any standing water across the residence. Standing water and heat climate breed mosquitoes.
- Throw away containers or objects that may maintain water or cowl them to stop water from accumulating inside.
- Wear mosquito repellent whenever you go exterior. Repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535 and a few lemon eucalyptus, and para-menthane-diol merchandise.
- Dress in long-sleeved shirts, pants and socks whenever you’re exterior.