NASHVILLE – A horse in West Tennessee has examined constructive for jap equine encephalitis (EEE), a virus that may be deadly for horses and people. The Tennessee departments of Agriculture and Health (TDA and TDH) are advising residents to take precautions to guard themselves and their livestock.
The horse in Gibson County confirmed indicators of sickness. Testing confirmed it was affected by EEE, and the horse was euthanized.
Mosquitoes transmit EEE. An contaminated horse can not instantly transmit the virus to different horses or people via contact. However, mosquito-borne ailments do pose a public well being danger. Tennessee had the primary documented human case of EEE in a resident of Hamilton County earlier this summer season. This current equine case serves as a reminder that mosquito season is just not over but.
“Mosquitoes might stay lively throughout Tennessee till temperatures fall under freezing,” mentioned Tennessee Department of Health Deputy State Epidemiologist John Dunn, D.V.M., PhD. “The greatest methods for individuals to guard themselves from mosquito bites are to put on insect repellent, put on lengthy sleeves and lengthy pants, drain standing water round houses and companies, and keep away from peak occasions when mosquitoes chunk at nightfall and daybreak.”
Although there isn’t any vaccine for people, the EEE vaccine for equines is especially efficient to forestall an infection in horses. Every horse proprietor ought to communicate with their veterinarian to develop an acceptable vaccination plan.
“EEE is a devastating sickness, with as much as 95 p.c mortality in contaminated horses,” State Veterinarian Dr. Samantha Beaty, D.V.M. mentioned. “While you could not be capable of fully forestall mosquito bites in your horses, acceptable vaccines are very important to safeguarding their well being and defending them from EEE and different insect-borne ailments.”
Livestock homeowners ought to at all times monitor their animals and make contact with a veterinarian if an animal seems sick. Equine signs of EEE might embrace lethargy, weak point, lack of urge for food, fever, and/or colic.
To decrease danger of insect bites round your farm, use insect repellent for livestock and get rid of sources of standing water the place bugs congregate and breed.
TDH provides the next tricks to defend individuals from mosquito bites:
– Use repellants that comprise DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535, following all label suggestions to be used.
– Wear closed sneakers with socks, together with long-sleeved, light-colored shirts and pants.
– Avoid perfumes, colognes, and merchandise with fragrances which may appeal to biting bugs.
The state veterinarian is liable for monitoring for and stopping the unfold of animal illness, in addition to selling animal well being in Tennessee. The workplace works with personal veterinarians, animal pathologists and illness diagnostic laboratories to establish ailments and decide the reason for animal deaths.
TDA and TDA work carefully collectively to assist defend the well being of animals and other people as a part of the Tennessee One Health Committee. One Health seeks to enhance communication and encourage collaboration amongst veterinarians, physicians, environmental scientists, public well being professionals, and others to seek out options to shared challenges corresponding to rising infectious ailments, antibiotic resistance, and emergency preparedness.