Risk is current all through the nation, together with city areas, besides areas specified, danger current in any respect altitudes:
The metropolis of Phnom Penh is danger free. There is low danger of malaria transmission at Angkor Wat and within the metropolis centre of Siem Reap. Take meticulous anti-mosquito chunk measures if solely travelling to those areas. However, if travelling all through the remainder of the nation, take malaria suppressive medicine.
Note: If travelling to the western provinces that report multidrug resistant malaria (see beneath), take atovaquone-proguanil or doxycycline. For all different malarious areas take any of the drugs listed beneath.
Malaria transmission vector(s): A.minimus, A.sundaicus
Incidence of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria: 60%
Of the 5 species of human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum is essentially the most harmful. The remaining share represents malaria infections that could be attributable to a number of of the next parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi.
Areas with drug resistant Malaria: The provinces of Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, Oddar Meancheay, Banteay Meanehey, Battambang, Pailin, Pursat, Kampat and Koh Kong report P. falciparum malaria resistance to chloroquine, mefloquine hydrochloride and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. The southern and western provinces additionally report resistance to artesunate, lumefantrine and piperaquine.
This nation has multidrug resistant malaria. Discuss together with your healthcare supplier which antimalarial routine is greatest suited to your wants.
TAKE 1 TABLET DAILY (100 mg).
MEFLOQUINE HYDROCHLORIDE IS NOT EFFECTIVE IN SOME AREAS OF THIS COUNTRY. SEE ‘Areas with drug resistant Malaria’ ABOVE FOR SPECIFIC LOCATIONS.